Almonds

Health Benefit to You

Almonds have a variety of health benefits. New research indicates they may have a role in preventing colon cancer. Check out Almonds Are In to read specific research.

Buy California Grown

California almond growers produce 100% of our domestic supply of almonds and 75% of the world production. Almonds are harvested in September and October and are available throughout the year. Almonds were originally brought to California by the Spain. Learn More with the Almond Commodity Fact Sheet.

Where Do Almonds Grow? In California | US | The World

In California

Almonds are grown in the 500 mile span of California's central valley. Almonds require a specific winter chilling and frost is a risk. The specific climate requirements limits production to a few regions in the world.

In the United States

California

In the World

Spain, Italy, Australia, Greece, Morocco, Turkey and Portugal

From Farms to Your Family Step 1 | 2 | 3 | 4

Step 1: Dormancy & Bloom

From November to early February, buds are already on the trees, but need a period of cold weather. The crop is at risk with heavy frost. In late February and early March the buds on the trees burst into bloom in preparation for pollination. The weather and variety influence the bloom time. This phase of the lifecycle influences the size of the crop that will ultimately be harvested.

Step 2: Pollination

Bees are brought to the orchard to carry pollen between alternating rows of almond varieties. Bees need warm, sunny and calm conditions for optimal pollination. Stormy, cold weather during the bloom stage can limit bee flight and reduce the size of the crop.

Step 3: Maturing & Hull Split

March through June the nuts mature in the almond hull. In July and August, the hull begins to split open exposing the almond shell, allowing it to dry. As the season progresses, the split continues to widen and the hull becomes tough and leathery, although still adhering to the shell.

Step 4: Harvest & Processing

Almonds are harvested in late August through October. Mechanical tree "shakers" vigorously shake the almonds to the ground. The almonds, which are still inside their shell and hull, dry naturally for 8-10 days in the orchard before they are swept into rows and picked up by machine. This drying period is critical for the almonds. Almonds are transported to the huller/sheller where kernels pass over a roller to remove the hull and shell as well as any remaining foreign material or debris. The hulls are used to feed dairy cattle while the shells are used as a bedding for livestock.

See the "Lifecycle of Almonds" presented by the Almond Board of California. www.almondboard.com

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